The International Dyslexia Association (IDA) identifies dyslexia as:
“ a specific learning difference that is neurobiological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities.”
The National Institute of Health has found dyslexia is identifiable from age 5.5 with 92% accuracy. Dyslexia occurs in 1 in 5 people and the earlier identification and intervention can begin, the less the long-term effects will be.
Dyslexia is a language-based difficulty characterized by challenges in reading, writing, spelling, and sometimes math in people who otherwise possess the intelligence and motivation necessary for success in these subjects. But that is not all dyslexia is, it can affect many things such as organization, memory and processing speed.
1. There are different types of dyslexia
5 Facts about Dyslexia
Dyslexia covers a wide range of difficulties and it is unique for each individual. It causes difficulty in the skills needed for learning to read, spell and write; but it is much more than that and there are many different types.
Some people will experience issues with phonological processing, others with auditory memory or visual processing. The type of dyslexia you have can vary.
2. Dyslexia is neurological
There is no medicine that will cure dyslexia, the brain works differently. Dyslexia is not related to intelligence or gender, it is hereditary.
Imagine your brain is like a computer that is being put to work on a task that it was never designed for. It will work less efficiently.
4. Dyslexia affects more than reading and spelling
Dyslexia can have wide-ranging effects, along with the typical signs of dyslexia such as letter reversal, difficulty with reading etc. it can also cause issues with organisation or forgetting what someone has told you, or their name. Even memorizing a mobile number or multiplication fact can become a struggle.
5. Strategies can be developed to help
The earlier children are identified the earlier strategies can be put in place to help. These strategies can be instrumental in helping a child be taught they way they learn, prevent difficulties that can arise if identified later and help boost a child's self-esteem.
They're not stupid, or lazy - they just need a different approach.
3. Early identification is important
But make sure you get the right type of assessment! There are lots of reasons why someone can fall behind at school, so it is really important to first get hearing and eyesight checked.
An assessment for dyslexia should analyze neurodiversity. This means identifying an individual’s learning strengths and weakness. A weakness in specific learning skills will indicate the type of dyslexia and be used to find the most effective strategies.
WARNING – Many assessments that identify difficulties do not use the word ‘dyslexia’.
Words like ‘Auditory Processing Disorder’ and ‘Visual Memory Deficit’ are diagnosing the specific type of dyslexia.
Remember that dyslexia is neuro-diverse – it affects people in different ways.
Ask our tutors about booking an assessment at the Center.